Frequently Asked Questions
About the State Government and the City Council
NEW YORK STATE LEGISLATURE
makes up the Executive Branch?
The Executive Branch consists of
the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, State Agencies and their staffs. The Governor
serves a four-year term.
Who makes up the Legislative
The Legislative Branch consists of two houses of the New
York State Legislature:
The New York State Senate has sixty-two members.
The majority party elects the Majority Leader, who holds comparable power to the
Assembly Speaker. The Majority Leader is elected at the beginning of each legislative
term, unless there is an unexpected vacancy. The minority party also elects a leader who
is referred to as the Minority Leader.
The New York State Assembly consists of one hundred
and fifty members. The majority party elects the Assembly Speaker and the minority party elects the Assembly Minority Leader.
The Senate and the Assembly members of the
legislature are elected to two-year terms, which are held on even years.
does a bill become a law?
When the concept of a possible law is
developed, efforts are made to interested members of the legislature to introduce
it as a "bill". A member of the legislature in each house may sponsor
a bill. However, to become law the bill must be introduced and passed in both
houses, and be signed by the Governor.
NEW YORK CITY COUNCIL
makes up the City Council?
The City Council consists of fifty-one
members who represent the five boroughs. Council members are elected to four-year
What is the Stated Meeting?
Stated Meeting is when the full Council meets twice a month, with the exception
of July and August in which they meet once a month. Generally, stated meetings
occur to vote on pieces of legislation passed out of committees.
does a bill become a law on the city level?
A Council member introduces
legislation at the stated meeting, which then goes to the appropriate Council
committee. If the committee passes the legislation, it goes back to the full council
to vote on at a stated meeting. If the legislation is passed by the full Council,
it then goes to the Mayor for signature and becomes law. If the Mayor vetoes the
legislation, the Council could override his veto by two-thirds majority vote.
often are committees required to hold meetings?
Committees are required
to meet at least twice a year regarding oversight of agencies under their jurisdiction
and when necessary to discuss legislation.